Epidemic vs Pandemic: What’s the Difference?

Contagious Disease | Report Syndication


An epidemic is an outbreak of disease that spreads quickly and affects many individuals at the same time. In other words, a disease can be declared an epidemic when it spreads over a wide area and many individuals are taken ill at the same time.

If the spread escalates further, an epidemic can become a pandemic, which affects an even wider geographical area, and an exceptionally high portion of the population becomes affected.

While a pandemic may be characterized as a type of epidemic, an epidemic is not a type of pandemic.

It is worth noting, however, that there is no clear line distinguishing an epidemic from a pandemic. The latter is, from a public health perspective, worse than the former.